The Pratt Street Riot was over. That flecked the streets of Baltimore, Baltimore riot of 1861. Civilians who had demonstrated secessionist sympathies were arrested and taken to Fort McHenry, where they were held without charge. Mayor Brown and Maryland Governor Hicks implored President Lincoln to send no further troops through Maryland to avoid further confrontations. On April 19, 1861, just one week after the attack on Fort Sumter by Confederate forces marked the beginning of the Civil War, a train carrying Union volunteers with the Sixth Massachusetts Regiment pulled into the Philadelphia, Wilmington and… Share. According to his later report, Jones went through the railroad cars and gave this order: Indeed, as the militia regiment transferred between stations, a mob of anti-War supporters and Southern sympathizers attacked the train cars and blocked the route. Maryland! Citizens threw stones and bricks and fired shots at the soldiers. Kentucky declared its neutrality (although it would eventually join the Union’s side), and although Missouri seceded from the Union on October 31 and was later occupied, a Confederate government-in-exile existed in Arkansas and Texas. Their discontent increased in the days afterward when Lincoln put out a call for volunteers to serve 90 days and end the insurrection. Image 1 of Baltimore and the nineteenth of April 1861; a study of the war. Many also felt that Maryland should not permit troops to pass through the state to attack a sister state, and others mistrusted the President's intentions, suspecting that the troops would be used to force Maryland to remain in the Union. It produced the first deaths by hostile action in the American Civil War. But that night, the Pennsylvania troops, later known as “The First Defenders” camped at the U.S. Capitol under the uncompleted dome, which was under construction. As the war began, the city’s divided loyalties created tension. Within that period United States soldiers, while committing no offense, had been perfidiously attacked and inhumanly murdered in your streets; no punishment had been awarded, and, I believe, no arrests had been made for these crimes; supplies of provisions intended for this garrison has been stopped; the intention to capture this fort had been boldly proclaimed; your most public thoroughfares were daily patrolled by large numbers of troops, armed and clothed, at least in part, with articles stolen from the United States; and the Federal flag, while waving over the Federal offices, was cut down by some person wearing the uniform of a Maryland soldier. While there may have been accidents, and maybe a secessionist shot or two during their tour, wounding men of the 6th, the majority of the casualties occurred in the Riot. After the attack on the soldiers, the office of the Baltimore Wecker, a German-language newspaper, was completely wrecked and the building seriously damaged by the same mob. Notes - … At Gay Street some of the mob began tearing up paving stones and throwing them at the soldiers. Also known as the Pratt Street Riot, only one week had passed since the Confederate attack on Fort Sumter.. Maryland and nearby Delaware were border states.These were the states exposed to Northern influences and culture, but with a Southern exposure too —and numerous Confederate sympathizers. Sometime after leaving Philadelphia, the unit’s Colonel Edward F. Jones received information that passage through Baltimore “would be resisted”. Baltimore riot of 1861 is similar to these military conflicts: 6th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, Timeline of Baltimore in the 19th century, President Street Station and more. Rail cars that transferred between the two stations had to be pulled by horses along Pratt Street. Ladd and Whitney are buried in Lowell, Massachusetts. At the time, the slave states of Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Arkansas had not yet seceded from the U.S. Sumner Henry Needham is sometimes considered to be the first Union casualty of the war, though he was killed by civilians in a Union state. At this time, the most efficient means to transport such large numbers of men was by rail, and the only routes to Washington passed through Baltimore. entered the city and built earthworks on Federal Hill. At this time the legislature seems to have wanted to maintain Maryland’s neutrality in the conflict. They split off from Howard Street in downtown Baltimore and marched over east to Fort McHenry and reported for duty there. Lincoln subsequently had the mayor, police chief, entire Board of Police, and the city council of Baltimore imprisoned without charges, as well as one sitting U.S. Baltimore riot of 1861. JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY STUDIES IN Historical and Political Science HERBERT B. ADAMS, Editor History is past Politics and Politics present History.— Four soldiers (Corporal Sumner Needham of Co I and Privates Luther C. Ladd, Charles Taylor, and Addison Whitney of Company D) and twelve civilians were killed in the riot. However, as Lincoln remarked to a peace delegation from the Young Men’s Christian Association, Union soldiers were neither birds to fly over Maryland, nor moles to burrow under it. Lincoln’s opponents were infuriated (and supporters disappointed) when the president-elect, fearing an assassination plot, traveled secretly through the city in February enroute to his inauguration. On the evening of April 20 Hicks also authorized Brown to dispatch the Maryland state militia for the purpose of disabling the railroad bridges into the city—an act he would later deny. — ADavidB 05:40, 14 July 2012 (UTC) Ah, but a great many of these hits come up due to the title of the Wikipedia article! Maryland, My Maryland. Baltimore, Carroll, and Frederick Railroad organized, later became Western Maryland Railroad. To add the foregoing, an assembly elected in defiance of law, but claiming to be the legislative body of your State, and so recognized by the Executive of Maryland, was debating the Federal compact. In Brown’s later assessment, it was the Baltimore riot that pushed the two sides over the edge into full-scale war, “because then was shed the first blood in a conflict between the North and the South; then a step was taken which made compromise or retreat almost impossible; then passions on both sides were aroused which could not be controlled”. A Google search of "Baltimore riot of 1861" shows me 123,000 results, while "Pratt Street riot" gives 79,800. The soldiers returned the fire. The troops then marched back down Pratt Street, led by a man carrying a rebel flag, and followed by the mob. It is regarded by historians as the first bloodshed of the … If all this be not rebellion, I know not what to call it. The publisher later returned and resumed publication of the Wecker which continued throughout the war a firm supporter of the Union cause. Baltimore Mayor George William Brown and new Police Marshal (chief) George Proctor Kane anticipated trouble and began efforts to placate the city’s population. Supporters of secession and slavery organized themselves into a force called “National Volunteers” while unionists and abolitionists called themselves “Minute Men.”. However, the mob followed the soldiers, breaking store windows and causing damage until they finally blocked the soldiers. On May 13, Butler sent Union troops into Baltimore and declared martial law. Someone fired a shot. The mob attacked the rear companies of the regiment with “bricks, paving stones, and pistols.” In response, several soldiers fired into the mob, beginning a giant brawl between the soldiers, the mob, and the Baltimore police. Congressman from Baltimore. The Baltimore riot of 1861 (also called the "Pratt Street Riots" and the "Pratt Street Massacre") was a civil conflict on Friday, April 19, 1861, on Pratt Street, in Baltimore, Maryland. Knowing that there were secessionists in the militia ranks, the commander of the Fort accepted the help on the condition that the militia could come no closer to the Fort than the Catholic chapel a half mile from the Fort or he would fire on them. Baltimore, April 19, 1861, 10:00AM. Virginia’s secession was particularly significant due to the state’s industrial capacity. By that time Maryland was an occupied state, and the choice no longer existed. Rioters, soldiers, and innocent bystanders fell dead and wounded. Background Luther C. Ladd, one of the 6th Massachusetts soldiers to die in Baltimore on April 19, 1861 . New militia units from several Northern states were starting to transport themselves south, particularly to protect Washington, D.C., from the new Confederate threat in Virginia. Eight rioters, one innocent bystander and three soldiers were killed, twenty four soldiers and an unknown number of civilians wounded. Sympathetic Marylanders, who had supported secession ever since John C. Calhoun spoke of nullification, agitated to join Virginia in leaving the Union. Cannon were placed in the works so that they could be fired on the city. April 19, 2018 by DickH Posted in History 2 Comments Mural of Baltimore Riot of Apr 19, 1861 at Massachusetts State House. His torch is at thy temple door, The Mayor bravely attempted to stop the battle without success. On April 19, 1861, only five days after the surrender of Fort Sumter, the situation in Baltimore exploded into violence. The cars were disconnected and pulled by horses down Pratt Street to Camden Station. On July 10, 1861, a grand jury of the United States District Court indicted Samuel Mactier, Lewis Bitter, James McCartney, Philip Casmire, Michael Hooper and Richard H. Mitchell for their part in the riot. Then the police arrived. Because of an ordinance preventing the construction of steam rail lines through the city, there was no direct rail connection between the Philadelphia, Wilmington and Baltimore Railroad’s President Street Station and the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad’s Camden Station (ten blocks to the west). Delaware, bordering Maryland, was reinforced with Union troops to prevent similar events. Taylor was buried in Baltimore; though his grave was lost, his name appears on the Lowell Monument. The poem was later set to “Lauriger Horatius”, the tune of O Tannenbaum, a melody popular in the South, and referred to the riots with lines such as “Avenge the patriotic gore / That flecked the streets of Baltimore.” It was not until seventy-eight years later that it became Maryland’s state song; there have been efforts to remove it since. The despot's heel is on thy shore, National Park Service. James Ryder Randall, a teacher in Louisiana but a native Marylander who had lost a friend in the riots, wrote “Maryland, My Maryland” for the Southern cause in response to the riots. 21230. Was this the worst riot in Maryland history?I know that the civil disorders in Baltimore in 1968 was bad,but the one in 1861 looks like a Civil War battlefield.Were people smashing windows like they were in The New York Draft Riots in 1861? The Baltimore riot of 1861 (also called the Pratt Street Riot and the Pratt Street Massacre) was a conflict on April 19, 1861, in Baltimore, Maryland, between anti-War Democrats (the largest party in Maryland), as well as Confederate sympathizers, and members of the Massachusetts militia enroute to Washington for Federal service. The American Civil War began on April 12, one week before the riot. There were calls for Maryland to declare secession in the wake of the riot. The Riot On April 19, 1861, only five days after the surrender of Fort Sumter, the situation in Baltimore exploded into violence. Baltimore, MD On April 19, Major General Robert Patterson, commander of the Department of Washington (Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, and the District of Columbia), ordered Brigadier General Benjamin Franklin Butler, with the 8th Massachusetts, to open and secure a route from Annapolis through Annapolis Junction to Washington. 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