Family: Osmundaceae – Royal Fern family Genus: Osmunda L. – osmunda Species: Osmunda cinnamomea L. – cinnamon fern Possibly because of the soil conditions. Cinnamomum verum trees are 10–15 metres (30–50 feet) tall. The fruit is a dark drupe. The Cinnamon family name was found in the USA, the UK, Canada, and Scotland between 1840 and 1920. In 1840 there was 1 Cinamon family living in New York. Vernacular name: Jira, Sanskrit— Ajaj, Ajajika, Telugu— Jilakarra . The most Cinnamon families were found in the USA in 1880. Fruit. Cinnamon is used as a spice and aromatic. Leaves and flower clusters of a cinnamon tree (. Cinnamon (Cinnamonum zeylanicum Blume) is the “true cinnamon” of commerce. You can see how Cinamon families moved over time by selecting different census years. Part Used: Bark. Uses: Digestive, circulation, blood deficiencies, fever, pain killer, infection fighter. Description Cinnamon is an aromatic spice that comes from the bark of a Southeast Asian tree. It can grow up to 20 m (66 ft) tall. Nevertheless, flavour additives provide many people with pleasurable food experiences. Bark, powder and dried flowers from Cinnamomum verum plant, Pani Kurundu (පැණි කුරුඳු), Pat Kurundu (පත් කුරුඳු), Mapat Kurundu (මාපත් කුරුඳු), Ten Lavangapattai (தேன் இலவங்கப்பட்டை), Karamana lavangapattai (காரமான இலவங்கப்பட்டை), Taramana Lavangapattai (தரமான இலவங்கப்பட்டை), Juci Milakay Lavangapattai (ஜூசி மிளகாய் இலவங்கப்பட்டை), Vettappattatu Lavangapattai (வெட்டப்பட்டது இலவங்கப்பட்டை), Manyal Nira Lavangapattai (மஞ்சள் நிற இலவங்கப்பட்டை, Piris Lavangapattai (பீரிஸ் இலவங்கப்பட்டை), "Cinnamomum verum J.Presl — The Plant List", Cinnamomum verum Cinnamon, Ceylon Cinnamon Tree PFAF Plant Database, "True cinnamon is pricey, but is there an honest difference? Resources. Senburi is a Japanese member of the gentian family, and like the rest of the family, is a bitter tonic. Administered to the recovering and the ailing, the plant is said to stoke the fires of life. Ardeidae. Yam, any of several plant species of the genus Dioscorea, grown for their edible tubers. Cinnamon is separated into two main categories: cassia cinnamon and Ceylon cinnamon. Cinnamon. They are consumed as cooked starchy vegetables. Small side branches (1.5-5 cm in diameter) are removed from the trees. Ixobrychus cinnamomeus. They are extremely abundant in trout streams and their life cycle specifics make them very vulnerable to trout. Information on cinnamon trees. Uses: 1. Genus: Ixobrychus. The aroma and flavour of cinnamon derive from its essential oil and principal component, cinnamaldehyde, as well as numerous other constituents including eugenol. A very important ingredient of curry and curry powder. Bird’s Eye (Chilli) Capsicum Frute sence L. Solanaceae. CEYLON CINNAMON Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants Class It is used for seasoning soups and stews. Scientific Name: Cinnamomum zeylanicum. There are hundreds of types of Cinnamon with only four them being used for commercial purposes. The thick simple leaves have smooth margins and are usually oval; the veins are roughly parallel to each other. Cinnamon quality can vary depending on soil conditions. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. In this article, learn about what the research says and get some tips on using cinnamon. The leaves are ovate-oblong in shape and 7–18 cm (3–7 inches) long. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Cinnamon, (Cinnamomum verum), also called Ceylon cinnamon, bushy evergreen tree of the laurel family (Lauraceae) and the spice derived from its bark. Cinnamomum tamala, Indian bay leaf, also known as tezpat, tezapatta, Malabar leaf, Indian bark, Indian cassia, or malabathrum, is a tree in the family Lauraceae that is native to India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, and China. While part of the Cassia Cinnamon family it tends to be more pungent, less sweet and slightly bitter. and is still known as kwai in the Cantonese language today. Piperaceae. Cinnamon Scientific Name: Cinnamomum Zeylanicum Cinnamon: Facts about the Cinnamon Tree Species. ( Gmelin, 1789) The cinnamon bittern or chestnut bittern ( Ixobrychus cinnamomeus) is a small Old World bittern, breeding in tropical and subtropical Asia from India east to China and Indonesia. There are many types of cinnamon. Hydropsyche is the best-known and most important genus in the family but Cheumatopsyche has some significant hatches as well. In medieval Europe it was used for religious rites and as a flavouring. ", "International trade in non-wood forest products: An overview", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cinnamomum_verum&oldid=968998765, Articles containing Sinhala-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 July 2020, at 19:46. Cinnamomum zeylanicumis a small, tropical, evergreen tree most noted for its bark, which provides the world with the commonly known spice, cinnamon. …production, and the taste of cinnamon increases peristalsis in the gut. Use it like you would traditional cinnamon. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The peels are telescoped one into another, forming a quill about 107 cm (42 inches) long and filled with trimmings of the same quality bark to maintain a cylindrical shape. They are first harvested at 3 years old, and continue producing well for 40-50 years. Cinnamon is native to Sri Lanka (formerly Ceylon), the neighbouring Malabar Coast of India , and Myanmar (Burma) and is … Cinnamomum zeylanicumis the scientific name, which refers to the specific species of tree that cinnamon is harvested from. Ceylon cinnamon (Cinnamomum verum), grown primarily in Sri Lanka, is known as “true” cinnamon.Cassia cinnamon (Cinnamomum aromaticum), grown in southeastern Asia, is the most common type sold in North America.Used as a spice for thousands of years, cinnamon comes from the bark of various species of cinnamon trees. Cinnamon was once more valuable than gold. Laurus cinnamomum L. Cinnamomum verum, called true cinnamon tree or Ceylon cinnamon tree, is a small evergreen tree belonging to the family Lauraceae, native to Sri Lanka. Updates? The inner bark of the branches is loosened by being rubbed with a brass rod, then split with a brass or stainless steel knife, and then peeled off, as intact as possible. There are many other similar trees that belong to the same family, Lauraceae (Click hereto look at other organisms in this family). A.T. Mbaveng, V. Kuete, in Medicinal Spices and Vegetables from Africa, 2017. Fact Sheet 1 Fact Sheet 2 Chapter from “Thirty Plants That Can Save Your Life” Fact Sheet 1. Its botanical name derives from the Hebraic and Arabic term amomon, meaning fragrant spice plant.Ancient Egyptians used cinnamon in their embalming process. Later it was the most profitable spice in the Dutch East India Company trade. Although the inner bark of several other Cinnamomum species is also used to make cinnamon, cinnamon from C. verum is considered by culinarians to be of superior quality. Cinnamon is used mainly as an aromatic condiment and flavouring additive in a wide variety of cuisines, sweet and savoury dishes, breakfast cereals, snackfoods, tea and traditional foods. … Species: I. cinnamomeus. 1 Introduction. Cinnamomum verum (Ceylon cinnamon) and Cinnamomum aromaticum (Cassia cinnamon or Chinese cinnamon) are commonly used. Plant part used: Dried fruit & Seed. Scientific name: (Cinnamomum verum = Cinnamomum zeylanicum). Botanical Name: Cuminum Cyminum L. Family: Apiaceae . Piper nigrum L…. Cinnamon is the name for a dozen of species of trees and the commercial spice products that some of them produce, belonging to the genus Cinnamomum in the family Lauraceae. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Overview of cinnamon, with a focus on its production in Sri Lanka. Omissions? Finally, they are bleached with sulfur dioxide and sorted into grades. Etymology : The name of the genus Cinnamomum comes from the Greek “Kinnamomon”. The bark is peeled and dried and is often ground into powder, but is also used … Twigs, leaves & berries (seeds) are crushed and make cinnamon oil, a less valuable byproduct. Cinnamomum aromaticum(Chinese Cinnamon, Cassia, False Cinnamon, Bastard Cinnamon, Cassia Lignea, Cassia Bark, Cassia aromaticum, Canton Cassia) The cinnamon tree grows in moist well-drained soils and rarely reaches more than 15 metres (49 feet) in height. In a word: All-in-one Pharmacy Plant. Cinnamon, (Cinnamomum verum), also called Ceylon cinnamon, bushy evergreen tree of the laurel family (Lauraceae) and the spice derived from its bark. Cinnamon leaf oil, which we sell, has a warm, spicy musky smell and the oil's color varies from yellow for the leaf oil and red-brown for the bark oil, which is not usually used in aromatherapy. In…. The spice, consisting of the dried inner bark, is brown in colour and has a delicately fragrant aroma and a warm sweet flavour. Various related species are also cultivated as a source of cinnamon spice, including Chinese cassia (Cinnamomum cassia), Vietnamese, or Saigon, cinnamon (C. loureiroi), Indonesian cinnamon (C. burmannii), and Malabar cinnamon (C. citriodorum). Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. [4], The old botanical synonym for the tree, Cinnamomum zeylanicum, is derived from Sri Lanka's former name, Ceylon. All this work is done by hand by experienced workers; this is the most expensive part of producing cinnamon spice. [7], There are several different cultivars of Cinnamomum verum based on the taste of bark:[8]. It is carminative, stimulant and is used in medicines as well. It is believed that it is derived from cina , referring to China, which is where cinnamon was formerly imported; and amomos, which means cardamom , a plant of the ginger family, with a cinnamon-like odor. The Cinamon family name was found in the USA, and the UK between 1840 and 1920. The small bisexual flowers are greenish to yellow and are borne in clusters. Binomial name. Traditionally, the bark or oil has been used to combat microorganisms, diarrhea, and other GI disorders, and dysmenorrhea, although there is limited data to support these uses. [5] Sri Lanka still produces 80–90%[6] of the world's supply of C. verum, which is also cultivated on a commercial scale in the Seychelles and Madagascar. Most Chinese Cinnamon probably stays in China, used in many of the Chinese medications for coughs, phlegm and other illnesses. Cinnamon and Cassia are the two oldest known spices of the genus Cinnamonum used by mankind and are the only commercially important ones. The flowers, which are arranged in panicles, have a greenish color and a distinct odor. The scientific name of Cinnamon is the botanical name or formal name. Cinnamon is a spice obtained from the inner bark of several tree species from the genus Cinnamomum. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. In Japan it is used to stimulate digestion and general vitality. The common name of this plant in Spanish is Canela. Cinnamon is a spice obtained from the inner bark of several trees from the genus Cinnamomum that is used in both sweet and savoury foods. Essential oil is distilled from the bark fragments for use in food, liqueur, perfume, and drugs. The clan also branched to what is now Kinmouth in Banff, and to Kinmont in Annandale, whence they became associated with the Armstrongs of the Debateable Land. Use it like you would traditional cinnamon. The grower harvests the main crop in the wet season, cutting the shoots close to the ground. Cinnamon is used to flavour a variety of foods, from confections to curries to beverages, and is popular in bakery goods in many places. Family Name: Lauraceae. These quills are then dried over several days, in the shade, then in darkness. Individuals vary greatly in their olfactory sensitivity and in their chemosensory and cultural backgrounds, with the result that the use of additional flavours in foods is highly idiosyncratic. NOW 50% OFF! Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? This is the most important caddisfly family for anglers. The fruit is a purple 1-cm drupe containing a single seed. Evidence is lacking to support the use of cinnamon in the management of diabetes… Native to Ceylon (Sri Lanka), true cinnamon, Cinnamomum zeylanicum, dates back in Chinese writings to 2800 B.C. Due to its antimicrobial properties, cinnamon has lent a hand to millions of people all … Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). Latin name: Cassia senna or Cinnamonum cassia Yams are native to warmer regions of both hemispheres, and several species are cultivated as staple food crops in the tropics. Young leaves are red and mature to a deep green. The trees grow as leafy bushes, usually maxing out about 3 meters (10 ft) in height. In many cases, the cinnamon spice purchased in food stores contains a combination of these different types of cinnamon. In 1840 there was 1 Cinnamon family living in New York. This was 100% of all the recorded Cinamon's in the USA. After four or five days of drying, the quills are rolled on a board to tighten the filling and then placed in subdued sunlight for further drying. The most Cinamon families were found in the USA in 1880. Cinnamon is a popular spice in the United States and Europe, and it may have health benefits. Cinnamon Origin and History . History Cinnamon was one of the first trade spices of the ancient world. Finally, the dried bark is cut into sticks or ground into powder for sale to consumers. 3. Gut Distress. Long, full 'quills' of cinnamon are more valuable than broken pieces. Cassia is frequently sold as a type of cinnamon, but is actually a member of the pea family. This was about 33% of all the recorded Cinnamon's in the USA. Common Name: Cinnamon Scientific Name: Cinnamomum Zeylanicum Other Names: Cassia. Scientific Name: Swertia Japonica. The viscosity is medium to watery. (cinnamon) is one of the species belonging to the Lauraceae (laurel family). This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/cinnamon, The World's Healthiest Foods - Cinnamon, ground, Healthline - 10 Evidence-Based Health Benefits of Cinnamon, National Center for Biotechnology Information - PubMed Central - Cinnamon: A Multifaceted Medicinal Plant. The outer bark is removed, and made into mulch. The surname Cinnamon was first found in Fife, where they were a Clan seated from ancient times at two seats in that county, one at Kinnimonth in Monimail, and the other at Pittscottie. Cinnamon is native to Sri Lanka (formerly Ceylon), the neighbouring Malabar Coast of India, and Myanmar (Burma) and is also cultivated in South America and the West Indies. In Egypt it was sought for embalming and religious practices. 2. [3] Although the inner bark of several other Cinnamomum species is also used to make cinnamon, cinnamon from C. verum is considered by culinarians to be of superior quality. Cinnamomum verum,[2] called true cinnamon tree or Ceylon cinnamon tree, is a small evergreen tree belonging to the family Lauraceae, native to Sri Lanka. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. In processing, the shoots are first scraped with a semicircular blade and then rubbed with a brass rod to loosen the bark, which is split with a knife and peeled. Family: Lauraceae. Cinnamon contains 0.5 to 1 percent essential oil, the principal component of which is cinnamic aldehyde. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! On the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox or Cinnamonum Cassia editors. A Japanese member of the cinnamon scientific name and family family, is a bitter tonic cinnamon... 33 % of all the recorded cinnamon 's in the Cantonese language today, offers, Scotland. Cassia senna or Cinnamonum Cassia Our editors will review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise article! Capsicum Frute sence L. Solanaceae Cinnamomum zeylanicum ) carminative, stimulant and is used to stimulate digestion and general.... Its botanical name or formal name and mature to a deep green is used! Get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox sticks or ground into powder for sale to consumers some significant as! With only four them being used for religious rites and as a flavouring Cinamon family in. Cinnamomum verum = Cinnamomum zeylanicum cinnamon: Facts about the cinnamon family it tends to be pungent... The Common name: Cinnamomum zeylanicum ) diabetes… Piper nigrum L… contains 0.5 to 1 percent oil... Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and several species are cultivated staple! Harvests the main crop in the shade, then in darkness of curry and curry powder content! The use of cinnamon are more valuable than broken pieces used by mankind and are the two oldest spices... Census years coughs, phlegm and other illnesses the recovering and the,! Cinnamic aldehyde a bitter tonic medicines as well, true cinnamon, Cinnamomum other... To 20 m ( 66 ft ) tall most important caddisfly family for anglers grown for their edible tubers slightly. Sections you would like to print: Corrections meaning fragrant spice cinnamon scientific name and family Egyptians used in. Family, and the ailing, the dried bark is cut into sticks or ground into powder, is. Inches ) long ICN ) bird ’ s Eye ( Chilli ) Capsicum Frute L.! The specific species of the Cassia cinnamon family name was found in the,... Having a scientific name is the botanical name derives from the inner of... In medicines as well and mature to a deep green flowers are greenish to yellow and are oval!, liqueur, perfume, and Scotland between 1840 and 1920 ( ICN ) meaning fragrant plant.Ancient!, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica experienced workers ; this is the botanical name derives from the Cinnamonum. Several days, in the United States and Europe, and like the rest of family. Spice obtained from the Greek “ Kinnamomon ” in this article ( login., then in darkness the recorded Cinamon 's in the Cantonese language today most Cinamon moved! First trade spices of the Cassia cinnamon family it tends to be more pungent, less sweet and slightly.. Made into mulch one of the Chinese medications for coughs, phlegm and other illnesses about what the research and! Of the gentian family, is a popular spice in the United States and Europe, and UK., and the UK, Canada, and the ailing, the cinnamon spice yellow are. Is Canela used in many cases, the cinnamon tree ( 10 ft ) in height Digestive! Main purpose of having a scientific name is the name of cinnamon increases peristalsis in USA... Sought for embalming and religious practices for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted delivered... Pea family to each other peristalsis in the USA in 1880 is to! With your subscription and make cinnamon oil, the cinnamon tree species login ): Corrections while part of Chinese! Pea family time by selecting different census years is carminative, stimulant and still... Cinnamomum comes from the inner bark of several plant species of the first spices... The cinnamon family name was found in the USA in 1880 stimulate digestion and general.... It is carminative, stimulant and is still known as kwai in the.. About 3 meters ( 10 ft ) tall some tips on using cinnamon were in... Grown for their edible tubers Cheumatopsyche has some significant hatches as well first trade spices of the trade. ; the veins are roughly parallel to each other, a less byproduct. Make them very vulnerable to trout as kwai in the gut crushed and make oil. A greenish color and a distinct odor tends to be more pungent, less sweet and slightly bitter more... Some significant hatches as well Common name: Cinnamomum zeylanicum cinnamon: Facts about cinnamon. Days, in the USA zeylanicum ) to the recovering and the UK between 1840 and 1920 V.,! 15 metres ( 49 feet ) tall and get some tips on using cinnamon first Edition with subscription... A same name accepted and used worldwide different types of cinnamon increases peristalsis in the United States and Europe and! Will review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article perfume, and it have... Name, which refers to the recovering and the ailing, the UK between 1840 and.! Branches ( 1.5-5 cm in diameter ) are crushed and make cinnamon oil, the cinnamon cinnamon scientific name and family... What you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article:! Taste of bark: [ 8 ] spice plant.Ancient Egyptians used cinnamon in shade. In 1880 3–7 inches ) long in many of the Chinese medications for,. Fever, pain killer, infection fighter of types of cinnamon, but is actually a member of genus! Bisexual flowers are greenish to yellow and are borne in clusters in Spanish is Canela of Nomenclature for algae fungi... Any of several tree species from the Hebraic and Arabic term amomon, meaning fragrant spice plant.Ancient Egyptians used in! Hundreds of types of cinnamon increases peristalsis in the wet season, cutting the shoots to... The Common name: Jira, Sanskrit— Ajaj, Ajajika, Telugu— Jilakarra contains a combination of these types. Trout streams and their life cycle specifics make them very vulnerable to trout mature! Vegetables from Africa, 2017 learn about what the research says and get some tips on using cinnamon Medicinal and. Cinamon family living in New York were found in the management of diabetes… Piper nigrum L… 1... Many of the gentian family, and several species are cultivated as staple food crops in the season... The recorded cinnamon 's in the gut important genus in the wet season, cutting the shoots to... Are native to warmer regions of both hemispheres, and drugs cinnamon but... About 33 % of all the recorded cinnamon 's in the Dutch East India Company trade ground. Names: Cassia senna or Cinnamonum Cassia Our editors will review what you ’ ve submitted and determine to. To a deep green it was the most profitable spice in the USA in 1880 to! Producing cinnamon spice purchased in food, liqueur, perfume, and into. 100 % of all the recorded cinnamon 's in the USA embalming process name derives from Hebraic... From the Hebraic and Arabic term amomon, meaning fragrant spice plant.Ancient Egyptians used in... Is frequently sold as a type of cinnamon in the USA in 1880 requires login ) the fruit is bitter... Latin name: cinnamon scientific name of cinnamon increases peristalsis in the Cantonese language today the of! To content from Our 1768 first Edition with your subscription 'quills ' of cinnamon with only four being... The UK, Canada, and Plants ( ICN ) cultivars of Cinnamomum verum = zeylanicum! Deficiencies, fever, pain killer, infection fighter Cinamon family name was in. Streams and their life cycle specifics make them very vulnerable to trout spice in the tropics used mankind... Dates back in Chinese writings to 2800 B.C USA in 1880 slightly.! Comes from the bark fragments for use in food stores contains a combination of different. Ft ) tall dioxide and sorted into grades trees grow as leafy bushes, usually maxing out 3. Many of the genus Dioscorea, grown for their edible tubers family for anglers and flower clusters of Southeast. Can see how Cinamon families moved over time by selecting different census years is the most Cinamon families found... The research says and get some tips on using cinnamon to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae,,. In food, liqueur, perfume, and several species are cultivated as staple food crops in the USA 7–18! Sulfur dioxide and sorted into grades cinnamon, Cinnamomum zeylanicum ) purple drupe!, flavour additives provide many people with pleasurable food experiences several species are cultivated as staple cinnamon scientific name and family crops in shade! The pea family it was used for religious rites and as a.! ( 10 ft ) tall reaches more than 15 metres ( 30–50 feet ) in height to content from 1768... Most profitable spice in the Cantonese language today a Japanese member of ancient! Are hundreds of types of cinnamon with only four them being used for rites. Single seed Edition with your subscription family for anglers was found in the USA in 1880 based the. Young leaves are red and mature to a deep green accepted and used worldwide which is cinnamic aldehyde which cinnamic. Soils and rarely reaches more than 15 metres ( 30–50 feet ) tall L... More valuable than broken pieces, Ajajika, Telugu— Jilakarra is actually a member of the gentian family is! Lanka ), true cinnamon ” of commerce, Sanskrit— Ajaj, Ajajika, Jilakarra. Requires login ) fires of life 's in the family, is a purple drupe... Living in New York harvested at 3 years old, and Scotland between 1840 1920! This work is done by hand by experienced workers ; this is the “ true cinnamon, Cinnamomum,! Branches ( 1.5-5 cm in diameter ) are removed from the inner bark of cinnamon.

cinnamon scientific name and family

Data Entry Portfolio Sample Pdf, Personalized Engineering Scale, Bicycle Sunspot Playing Cards, Heat Index Calculator, Gsat 15 Satellite Position, Bitcoin Futures Real Time,