Fennel was prized by the ancient Greeks and Romans who used it as medicine, food, and insect repellent. The small flowers of wild fennel (known as fennel "pollen")[23] are the most potent form of fennel, but also the most expensive. Fennel - Foeniculum vulgare - is a flowering plant species in the carrot family. Some species, such as hemlock, can be poisonous, while others are edible. During its lifetime, the plant has pale green hollow stem and develops bluish green bushy branches. Many cultures in India, Afghanistan, Iran, and the Middle East use fennel fruits in cooking. have finely divided, hairlike leaves; their roots have a delicate rice-like odor, unlike the musty odor of hemlock. Fennel bulbs with their slightly aniseed flavor are considered excellent vegetables. History; Description; Cultivation; Adulteration; Constituents; Medicinal Action and Uses---Synonyms---Fenkel. Lomatium is an important historical food plant of Native Americans known as 'biscuit root'. [5] The word is first attested in Mycenaean Linear B form as ma-ra-tu-wo. Fennel family is the family in which it has some properties in common with other plants in that family. [14] Several cultivars of Florence fennel are also known by several other names, notably the Italian name finocchio. The Plants Database includes the following 1 species of Foeniculum .Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Although the tast… Fennel, (Foeniculum vulgare), perennial herb of the carrot family (Apiaceae) grown for its edible shoots, leaves, and seeds. Its use in the food is not accidental. It is a perennial herbal plant. [29] In 2014, India produced 60% of the world output of fennel, with China and Bulgaria as leading secondary producers (table). Fennel is a flowering plant that falls in the Umbelliferae or the carrot family. It is one of the most important spices in Kashmiri Pandit and Gujarati cooking. In scientific classification of Fennel, Family is a main factor. Emperor Charlemagne required the cultivation of fennel on all imperial farms. The seeds and swollen bulb-like stems are the edible components. Fennel is native to the Mediterranean region, but is now cultivated worldwide. Giant fennel (Ferula communis) is a large, coarse plant, with a pungent aroma, which grows wild in the Mediterranean region and is only occasionally grown in gardens elsewhere. The fruit is a dry schizocarp from 4–10 millimetres (3⁄16–3⁄8 in) long, half as wide or less, and grooved. Scientific Name for Fennel→ Foeniculum vulgare. It may be blanched or marinated, or cooked in risotto. History and Traditional Uses Long loved for their culinary uses, fennel seeds are used to flavor pickles, liqueurs, breads, and candies. It is a tall seasonal herb, which grows up to 5 feet. In general, all living organisms are divided into kingdoms in the form of a classification chart. When fennel is known by the scientific name Foeniculun vulgare and is of the Umbelliferae family, this plant particularly beneficial in its entirety contains minerals and vitamins. It is native to the Mediterranean and some parts of Asia. Fennel leaves are used in some parts of India as leafy green vegetables either by themselves or mixed with other vegetables, cooked to be served and consumed as part of a meal. Florence fennel plants are smaller than the wild type. The word fennel developed from Middle English fenel or fenyl. A few examples: dill, anise, garden angelica, carrots, caraway, celery, chervil, cilantro, cumin, fennel, parsnips, … Dill, coriander, and caraway are similar-looking herbs, but shorter-growing than fennel, reaching only 40–60 cm (16–24 in). It is a highly aromatic perennial herb, erect, glaucous … [12], Florence fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Azoricum Group; syn. Fennel Botanical Name: Foeniculum officinalis Family: Umbelliferae Hindi Name: Saunf. (57)", "HESIOD, THE HOMERIC HYMNS, AND HOMERICA", "Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map". (Its leaves are similar to those of dill, but thinner.) This came from Old English fenol or finol, which in turn came from Latin feniculum or foeniculum, the diminutive of fenum or faenum, meaning "hay". [32] Other phytochemicals found in fennel fruits include polyphenols, such as rosmarinic acid and luteolin, among others in minor content. Both seeds and fruit are holders of an … azoricum) is a cultivar group with inflated leaf bases which form a bulb-like structure. Fennel is also used as a flavoring in some natural toothpastes. The aromatic character of fennel fruits derives from volatile oils imparting mixed aromas, including trans-anethole and estragole (resembling liquorice), fenchone (mint and camphor), limonene,[31] 1-octen-3-ol (mushroom). Fennel Botanical: Foeniculum vulgare (GÆRT.) Chemical Constituents: Fennel contains volatile oil (1-4%), fixed oil (9-12%) and proteins (20%). In many parts of India, roasted fennel fruits are consumed as mukhwas, an after-meal digestive and breath freshener, or candied as comfit. Dill has thread-like, feathery leaves and yellow flowers; coriander and caraway have white flowers and finely divided leaves (though not as fine as dill or fennel) and are also shorter-lived (being annual or biennial plants). Discover the family history, nationality, origin and common names of Fennel family members. The roots are large, thick and white and are carrot shaped root produces a stout, pithy, finely grooved stem with fine buish stripes. Its aniseed or liquorice flavor[11] comes from anethole, an aromatic compound also found in anise and star anise, and its taste and aroma are similar to theirs, though usually not as strong. Can you substitute anise seed for a whole star anise? As grouped by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, production data for fennel are combined with similar spices – anise, star anise, and coriander. Many egg, fish, and other dishes employ fresh or dried fennel leaves. Apiaceae or Umbelliferae is a family of mostly aromatic flowering plants named after the type genus Apium and commonly known as the celery, carrot or parsley family, or simply as umbellifers. The fennel fruits (often referred to as “fennel seeds”) are particularly popular. The Latin word for the plant was ferula, which is now used as the genus name of a related plant. A Kingdom is the second highest taxonomic rank. [+] 605b + frr. Their intense, sweet flavor is reminiscent of aniseand licorice. Globally known as fennel, the plant has been the part of traditional medicine since olden days. Fennel was used to make the spiced wine, claret, in the Middle Ages.Their flavor is like anise.. The seeds can be used as a spice for stews or fish dishes. Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) is a flowering plant species in the carrot family. Scientific name: Foeniculum vulgare var. The scientific name of saunf is Foeniculum vulgare.Furthermore, Fennel plant grows about 6 feet in height with deep-green feathery leaves and golden yellow flowers. Fennel belongs to the family called Apiaceae. [11], Fennel fruits are sometimes confused with those of anise, which are similar in taste and appearance, though smaller. Wild Fennel. sweet fennel This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. The common fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill) is native to the Mediterranean and it comes in two varieties. The scientific name of fennel is Foeniculum vulgare and the plant is grouped under carrot family… Tarla Dalal. The leaves grow up to 40 centimetres (16 in) long; they are finely dissected, with the ultimate segments filiform (threadlike), about 0.5 millimetres (1⁄50 in) wide. Resources. Most Lomatium species have yellow flowers like fennel, but some[which?] Fennel is a flowering plant in the family of carrot (Apiaceae family). Further scientific classification of Fennel is as follows: Clade: Angiosperms, Asterids and Eudicots. Fennel – Foeniculum vulgare Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare), also known as F. officinale, is actually a member of the Umbelliferae (Apiaceae) or carrot family, along with dill (Anethum graveolens), caraway (Carum … [8], In the 15th century, Portuguese settlers on Madeira noticed the abundance of wild fennel, and used the Portuguese word funcho (fennel) and the suffix -al to form the name of a new town, Funchal.[9]. Fennel plant clade, plant tribe and order fall under the scientific classification of Fennel. Parts Used: Seeds. Fact Sheet. It is of cultivated origin,[13] and has a mild anise-like flavor, but is sweeter and more aromatic. [33], flowering plant species in the carrot family. Fennel tea and honey relieve discomfort such as stomach cramps or stuck cough. Tender young leaves are used for garnishes, as a salad, to add flavor to salads, to flavor sauces to be served with puddings, and also in soups and fish sauce. Its bulb, leaves, and seeds may be eaten. azoricum. Along with Fennel, scientific classification is also important. If you mean Fennel … Calflora taxon report, University of California, http://www.tarladalal.com/glossary-fennel-seeds-410i, "Production in 2014, Crops/Regions/World list/Production Quantity (pick lists)", "Foeniculum vulgareMill: A Review of Its Botany, Phytochemistry, Pharmacology, Contemporary Application, and Toxicology", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fennel&oldid=982588586, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Middle English (1100-1500)-language text, Articles containing Old English (ca. [17], Fennel has become naturalized along roadsides, in pastures, and in other open sites in many regions, including northern Europe, the United States, southern Canada, and much of Asia and Australia. Remember This: Increases Secretion . The tall stalk looks like celery and is often consumed as vegetables, while the leaves and seeds are used to flavour foods. [+] 60Sa + fr. In North America, fennel may be found growing in the same habitat and alongside natives osha (Ligusticum porteri) and Lomatium species, useful medicinal relatives in the parsley family. The botanical name of anise is Pimpinella anisum while the botanical name of fennel is Foeniculum vulgare. [3], The Greek name for fennel is marathon (μάραθον) or marathos (μάραθος),[4] and the place of the famous battle of Marathon literally means a plain with fennel. Fennel is a member of the Apiaceae (parsley family) and is related to carrots, caraway, anise, cumin, dill, etc. You can also know the genus of all the plants which fall under List of Herbs. It is an aromatic perennial that grows to about five feet in height, having dark green, feathery leaves, umbels of yellow flowers, and small, ridged, oval-shaped seeds, which are gathered in the autumn. Fennel is an aromatic plant with smooth feathery spiky leaves and grows to a height of 2.5 meters. Along with the scientific name and classification of Fennel, know about other Fennel Facts. It has delicate and … [15][16], Foeniculum vulgare 'Purpureum' or 'Nigra', "bronze-leaved" fennel, is widely available as a decorative garden plant. Family Name: Umbelliferae. It is erect, glaucous green, and grows to heights of up to 2.5 metres (8 ft), with hollow stems. They are further classified by division, class, order, family, genus and species. There are six kingdoms: Plantae, Animalia, Fungi, Protista, Archaea/Archaeabacteria and Bacteria Eubacteria. [6] In Hesiod's Theogony, Prometheus steals the ember of fire from the gods in a hollow fennel stalk. The plant's Family is Apiaceae. It is a perennial herb with feathery leaves and yellow flowers. In addition to the fact that they share a similar flavor, what often creates confusion among these two plants/foods is that fennel is often referred to as anise. It is a hardy, perennial herb with yellow flowers and feathery leaves, indigenous to the shores of the Mediterranean, which explains why … Other species of the genus Ferula are also commonly called giant fennel, but they are not culinary herbs. Cicely, or sweet cicely, is sometimes grown as an herb; like fennel, it contains anethole, so has a similar aroma, but is lower-growing (up to 2 metres or 6 ft 7 in) and has large umbels of white flowers and leaves that are fern-like rather than threadlike. F. vulgare var. For cooking, green fruits are optimal. In the Indian subcontinent, fennel fruits are also eaten raw, sometimes with a sweetener. In Israel, fennel salad is made of chopped fennel bulbs flavored with salt, black pepper, lemon juice, parsley, olive oil and sometimes sumac. A 100-gram reference amount of fennel fruits provides 1,440 kilojoules (345 kilocalories) of food energy, and is a rich source (20% or more of the Daily Value, DV) of protein, dietary fiber, B vitamins and several dietary minerals, especially calcium, iron, magnesium and manganese, all of which exceed 100% DV (table). Anethole has an aromatic odour and sweet taste whereas fenchone has a camphoraceous odour and taste. Description. Fennel Vegetable Health Benefits. the scientific name for cotton seed tree is Cochlospermum vitifoliun. are white flowered and resemble poison hemlock. Comprising 434 genera and about 3,700 species, the carrot family (Apiaceae) is a significant group of flowering plants. 450-1100)-language text, Articles containing Mycenaean Greek-language text, Articles containing Portuguese-language text, Articles containing Spanish-language text, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from May 2014, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 October 2020, at 02:24. Most Lomatium spp. Fennel fruits are the primary flavor component in Italian sausage. In scientific classification of Fennel, Family is a main factor. The chief constituents of volatile oil are a phenolic ether anethole (50-60%) and ketone fenchone (18-20%). Fennel is a kind of herb.It is native to the Mediterranean and some parts of Asia.Its bulb, leaves, and seeds may be eaten. Its members are often aromatic and are characterized by hollow stems, taproots, and flat-topped flower clusters known as umbels. It is indigenous to the shores of the Mediterranean but has become widely naturalized in many parts of the world, especially on dry soils near the sea-coast and on riverbanks. Umbelliferae. Fennel is native to the Mediterranean region. The Fennel plant with its yellow flowers can grow up to six feet tall – which is unexpected from a plant belonging to the parsley family. The flowers are produced in terminal compound umbels 5–15 centimetres (2–6 in) wide, each umbel section having 20–50 tiny yellow flowers on short pedicels. Native to southern Europe and Asia Minor, fennel is cultivated in temperate regions worldwide and is considered an invasive species in Australia and parts of the United States. In Syria and Lebanon, the young leaves are used to make a special kind of egg omelette (along with onions and flour) called ijjeh. Fennel has a distinctive smell rather like Aniseed. Dried fruits of Foeniculum Vulgare Miller from Apiaceae family contain at least 4% essential oil. Florence fennel is one of the three main herbs used in the preparation of absinthe, an alcoholic mixture which originated as a medicinal elixir in Europe and became, by the late 19th century, a popular alcoholic drink in France and other countries. It gives you the idea of how the plant looks, where the seed pod will be, what the seed will be like, etc. On account of its aromatic properties, fennel fruit forms one of the ingredients of the well-known compound liquorice powder. The leaves are decompound, dissected into numerous filiform segments, the upper leaves on broad sheaths that surround the stem.The bright … Sweet Fennel. Scientific Name. Fact Sheet. Foeniculum vulgare. The scientific name of fennel is Foeniculum vulgare. Fennel is widely cultivated, both in its native range and elsewhere, for its edible, strongly flavored leaves and fruits. https://digitalcommons.usu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?referer=https://www.google.com/&httpsredir=1&article=1267&context=extension_curall, "The Linear B word transliterated as ma-ra-tu-wo", "MY 605 Ge + 607 + fr. Lomatium species tend to prefer dry rocky soils devoid of organic material. Florence fennel or finocchio (UK: /fɪˈnɒkioʊ/, US: /-ˈnoʊk-/, Italian: [fiˈnɔkkjo]) is a selection with a swollen, bulb-like stem base that is used as a vegetable. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S. In Spain, the stems of the fennel plant are used in the preparation of pickled eggplants, berenjenas de Almagro. ) are particularly popular in fennel fruits in cooking as 'biscuit root ' are six:... Other plants in that family of hemlock, claret, in the scientific of. 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Form as ma-ra-tu-wo, notably the Italian name finocchio fennel seeds in,. Prometheus steals the ember of fire from Mount Olympus to Earth ] the. Who used it as medicine, food, and grooved 5 feet historical food plant of Americans! With other plants in that family component in Italian sausage, reaching only cm... Back as fennel scientific name and family years … fennel ( Foeniculum vulgare Azoricum group ;.! Who used it as medicine, food, and flat-topped flower clusters known as 'biscuit '... But the plant is native to the fruits ( often referred to as “fennel seeds” ) particularly!