Intergovernmental collaboration exists between the federal government and state governments on health care and social welfare, antiquities and monuments, statistics and surveys, scientific and technological research, industrial, commercial and agricultural development and electricity. The Senate president is assisted by the deputy senate president in the guidance and regulation of the proceedings in the Senate. The lower chamber is known as the House of Representatives. The checks and balances ensure that there is no single arm of the government that attempts to assume too much power (Peterson 78). The Chief Justice of Nigeria also presides over the National Judicial Council, an executive body established by the Nigerian federal government to protect the judiciary branch from the influence of the executive branch. All 3 tiers of government work together for growth and development of the country. iii. The federal government is expressly given the power to make and veto laws, oversee national defense and foreign policy, impeach officials, impose tariffs and enter into treaties. The President appoints the Chief Justice of the federation and once appointed, he cannot be removed from office except by death, retirement (at age 70), or by impeachment by the Senate. The first-past-the-post system determines winners of an election. In this system, the tiers of government are the Federal, the State, and the Local Governments. In the field of politics, the difference between state and government can be a little confusing. Arms Of Government In Nigeria And The Tiers. Nigeria runs a federal system of government. It has similar functions as the National House of Assembly. Under the checks and balances for the federal government, the functions of one arm of the federal government are used as to control as well as modify the powers of the others. State governors are referred to as chief security officers of their states. The upper chamber, which is known as the Senate, consists of 109 members who are called senators. In this system, there are three tiers of government often referred to as levels of government and three arms(branches) of government. Federal Government In the United States, the federal government has the most power and the most complex structure. A certain percentage of the monthly allocation goes to states and the local governments. Australia's system of government is organised into three arms and these are known as: This publication by the Constitutional Centre of Western Australia defines Parliament, explains the difference between the Australian and Western Australian Parliaments and outlines the roles of the houses of Parliament, the High Court and Executive government. The Judiciary 3. Each State government is headed by a Governor who assisted by a deputy in piloting the affairs of the state. The government can only stay in power while it has a majority of members in the House of Representatives. 36 metropolitan boroughs Across England, there are also around 9,000 parish and town councils, 10 National Parks responsible for conservation and promotion of scenic areas, as well as loca… We pay our respects to all members of the Aboriginal communities and their cultures; and to Elders both past and present. While it is important to clearly understand the distinct roles of the three sectors, it is also very important not to conflate them to avoid distorting their respective roles. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Arms Of Government In Nigeria And The Tiers. The Government of Western Australia acknowledges the traditional custodians throughout Western Australia and their continuing connection to the land, waters and community. The president is the head of government and he also heads the Executive arm of the federal government. Tiers of Government in Nigeria. Differences between Federal, State, and Local Governments in Nigeria. We have been able to look at all the arms of governments and the tiers, sit back and digest. The Three Branches Illustrated Chart. 192 district, borough or city councils One (unitary) tier providing all services: 1. All adults above the age of 18 are eligible to vote. To reiterate, the difference between government and governance is that government is only one part of the governance of managing our large and complex modern society. They all work together to ensure the smooth running of the council and ensure that dividends of democracy are delivered to people at the grassroots. They also generate revenues within their states. County councils The Nigerian government structure is made up of three tiers, which are the federal government, state government and the local government. Provision and maintenance of public conveniences, and refuse disposal. The governor, deputy governor, and commissioners make up the STATE EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. This is known as having the confidence of the House. Nigeria senate. 56 unitary councils 2. They carry out duties such as road construction, they are stakeholders in the education sector, internal trade between states, agriculture, social welfare, health, surveys, electricity and even internal security. The Chief Justice of Nigeria presides over the Supreme Court and he is assisted by 13 associate justices. Under the multiparty system, the first elections were held on October 31, 1991. This acts as a system of checks and balances to keep power from being concentrated and corrupted. The Chief Judge of each state is appointed by the governor of that state on the advice of the National Judicial Council and the State House of Assembly. The governor assigns public responsibilities to his commissioners and advisers, to help in serving the state. Establishment, maintenance, and regulation of markets, motor parks, etc. The Chief Judge of the Federation heads the judiciary arm of the federal government. States and local governments presently have a joint account. The roles of the arms and tiers of government are different and these are explained below. This week Craig Benzine is going to talk about the structure of the U.S. court system and how exactly it manages to keep things moving smoothly. Legal Scope; The primary difference between the federal government and the state governments is the scope of their legal powers. The arms of government are the Executive, the Legislative and the Judiciary. It serves as check and balance on the executive and legislative branch of the Nigerian government structure. In a very general sense, the word state refers to the present state of someone or something in a given time. This branch of government is divided into several federal ministries that are headed by ministers appointed by the president. Canada is a “constitutional monarchy,” which is a form of government where monarchs act as the political heads of state but their powers are kept within the boundaries of that country’s constitution. There are 3 branches in the government of Nigeria and these are; The executive arm of the Nigerian government structure is responsible for the implementation and maintenance of law, among other responsibilities. PROBLEMS OF MINERAL EXPLOITATION IN NIGERIA AND SOLUTIONS, PROBLEMS OF AIR TRANSPORTATION IN NIGERIA AND POSSIBLE SOLUTIONS, NIGERIAN FOOD CULTURE – MAJOR TRIBES IN NIGERIA AND THEIR FOOD. The judiciary branch of the Nigerian government is saddled with the responsibility of interpreting laws as well as ensuring compliance with these laws. The Federal Government of Nigeria is also referred to as the government … the judicial arm - independent of the legislative and executive, it interprets Australian law and ensures that laws do not go beyond their constitutional power. Tweet. Appointments made by the president are subject to the approval of the National Assembly. The arms of government can be referred to as the branches of government in Nigeria. The State House of Assembly consists of representatives from all local government areas within that state. In a federal system of government, the second house can be used to provide for sequel representation among states e.g. The federal government, through the Supreme Court, also has the power to … Congress is composed of the House of Representatives and the Senate. Unlike federal and state levels of government, local government has only two arms of government viz:- the executive and the … The Senate is presided over by a chairman, elected by indirect voting. The legislature at the federal level is called the National Assembly of Nigeria. In this lesson extension, students will create a chart that illustrates, defines and describes the function of each branch of the U.S. government. These federal ministries are civil service departments responsible for carrying out different types of government services. Funding for the three is mostly being provided by the federal government. Prime Minister Boris Johnson revealed details of the Government’s winter pandemic plan on Monday. Ministers are appointed from all states of the federation in line with the principle of federal character. local (Local Authority Councils and Mayors). 3 Shares. The states and local governments also look inwards within themselves to generate more funds to finance their activities. A government, on the other hand, is a kind of agency through which authority is exercised by political units. The principal means of addressing the economic crisis has been governmental austerity measures, which in turn have substantially influenced the public administration functioning and have led to reforms, including in local government operations . State and local governments collaborate on issues related to the development of agriculture and non-mineral natural resources, health services and primary, adult and vocational education. Registration of birth, issuance of death and marriage certificates. The chairman is known as the Senate president and he is the third in line of succession to the presidential seat. Depending on where you live, local government consists of at least one or two tiers of authorities. In a nominated seconds house, the house can be non-partisan v. It allows for efficiency as a result of sharing of works between the two houses vi. They are the main role group, with the hardest jobs, since they have to take care of everyone in country. Difference between government and governance. The federal government structure includes bodies such as: The Federal Capital Territory is controlled and administered by the federal government. The president appoints his ministers and special advisers. The legislative arm of the state government is headed by the Speaker while the Chief Justice of the state heads the Judiciary. The three arms of government - Constitutional Centre of Western Australia, © Government of Western Australia 2017 to 2020, Building, utilities and essential services, Facilities, fleet and equipment management, Privacy and Responsible Information Sharing, the legislative arm - democratically elected representatives debating new laws, the executive arm - responsible for enacting and upholding the laws passed in the parliament. The judiciary comprises of the Supreme Court of Nigeria which presides over the Federal Courts (the court of appeal, the sharia court of appeal of FCT, the federal high court, the customary court of appeal and the high court of the FCT), State Courts (the high court, the sharia court of appeal, and the customary court of appeal), and Election Tribunals. They make up his cabinet. The branches of the federal government are … General elections take place every five years with by-elections within 90 days should a president die in office. For example, the Supreme Court gets to interpret th… The U.S. Constitution was written in 1787, and, by 1790, it had been ratified by all of the 13 states. The Government are the people responsible for running the country. This LOCAL GOVERNMENT COUNCIL comprises of the local government chairman, who is in control of the council, his Councilors, and other elected members. Congress has the sole authority to enact legislation, establish a budget for the federal government, and declare war on behalf of the United States. At this tier of government, the country is divided into 36 states and a federal territory. The speaker of the house is assisted by the deputy speaker. Elected officials serve for a maximum of two five-year terms. Currently, there are 774 local governments in the area. In this system, the tiers of government are the Federal, the State, and the Local Governments. The roles of the arms and tiers of government are different and these are explained below. The National Assembly serve as a check on the executive arm of the government. In Canada, the monarch is the Queen. The three of them are involved in delivering dividends of democracy to the people. Government collects revenue (income) from taxes and uses this money to provide services and infrastructure that improves the lives of all the people in the country, particularly the poor. A local government is a form of public administration which, in a majority of contexts, exists as the lowest tier of administration within a given state. State governments are charged with carrying out duties that ensure quality living for people living in their states. Constitutional amend… The 1976 local government reform unified and improved local government system for the country, with clear cut separation of powers. iv. What is the Government? Positions for which the public vote include the president and 150 members of the national assembly, each elected for five-year terms. The Senate maintains the power to ratify treaties by a two-thirds majority vote and confirm presidential appointments by a majority vote. The first tiers of Greek local government … The local government in Nigeria is the third and the last level of government in Nigerian government structure.  The naming of roads, streets, and numbering of houses. 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