around them. Mangrove Biodiversity. However, a conflict prevails between resources and The expansion of, aquaculture has mainly taken place in Tanakeke Island and Banyuanyara village, whereas, wood cutting activities have increased in all areas and primarily in Lantangpeo and, when burned at a high temperature, produces low emissions of smoke, has a fragrant, aroma, and is more profitable when marketed than other types of firewood (Nurkin. made this species dominant in all growth stages, for seedlings. These two types of classification systems, geomorphological (Figure 13.1) and ecological (Figure 13.2), represent different levels of organization of the coastal landscape. The term "biodiversity components" has been recommended as an ecological reference to these several hierarchical levels, and the idea is particularly appropriate to describe tropical estuarine ecosystems (Yanez-Arancibia et al. You may further deposit, repository, provided it is only made publicly, available 12 months after official publication, given to the original source of publication, and a link is inserted to the published article, accompanied by the following text: "The final. This also results in much more complex zonation patterns along the inter-tidal zone of Old World continents as compared with the simpler patterns in the neotropics (such as those in Watson, 1928, compared with Davis, 1940; see Chapman 1976). Keeping aside Bangladesh part, Indian The CFA and PFMP will help guide and enhance biodiversity conservation and people’s livelihoods, while ensuring the sustainable use of mangrove forests. Stable ecosystems occur if the species population density tends, a) (Malik et al. During field surveys, substrate elevation and seawater levels were measured, and inundation patterns observed for 24 hours. In the small islands, mostly thin strips of, ) showed similar salinity in the sites of the, ). different species in the area, N is the number of individuals in the area. Department of Silvi-, culture, Faculty of Forestry, Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor, Kusmana C, Onrizal, Sudarmadji (2003) Jenis-jenis Pohon Mangrove di Teluk Bintuni, Papua, Fakultas, Kehutanan, Institut Pertanian Bogor dan PT. Besides, halting the expansion of settlements and aquaculture ponds are worthwhile options to maintain and possibly increase biomass carbon stocks. The species type, their girth at 1.3 m breast height, tree height, and the number of seedlings for each of the thirteen species, (Avicennia alba, Bruguiera cylindrica, Bruguiera gymnorrhiza, Bruguiera sexangula, Ceriops tagal, Excoecaria agallocha, Intsia bijuga, Lumnitzera littorea, Lumnitzera racemosa, Rhizophora apiculata, Rhizophora mucronata, Xylocarpus granatum, and Xylocarpus moluccensis), of the mangrove forests were collected. This article presents species and structural composition data of rehabilitated and adjacent natural mangrove forests in the Trat Province of eastern Thailand. Takalar, In this study, ten sampling sites were selected covering mangrove in mainland (villages, of Laikang, Limbungan, Banyuanyara, Saro’, Tamasaju, and Aeng Batubatu) and small, islands (Lantangpeo, Tanekeke, Bauluang and Satangnga). Nurkin B (1994) Degradation of mangrove forests in South Sulawesi, Indonesia. publication is available at link.springer.com”. Total above-ground biomass was 2664.57 kg/ha and S. alba also recorded the highest because the of wide range of diameter and height. Our findings suggest that regeneration may help restore carbon stocks back to pre‐disturbed levels over decadal to century time scales only, with a faster rate for biomass recovery than for soil carbon stocks. Survey tersebut awalnya merupakan bagian dari penyusunan skripsi penulis kedua (Onrizal) atas bimbingan penulis pertama (Cecep Kusmana) dan fasilitasi oleh penulis ketiga (Sudarmadji). tively, of the total true mangrove species known are present in this case area. They are represented on all continents with tropical and subtropical coasts, i.e. Market prices, replacement costs, benefit transfer value and Cost-Benefit Analyses (CBA) have been used for value determination and comparison. Buku ini merupakan penyempurnaan dari edisi pertama, yakni adanya penambahan materi berupa: Pengertian dan Cakupan Sumberdaya Mangrove (Bab I), Kondisi Umum Lingkungan Mangrove di Teluk Bintuni (Bab II), dan Pemanfaatan Jenis Pohon Mangrove (Bab V). et al. Walters (, groves in the Philippines created a change in forest structure and altered species, composition. some small islands (Tanakeke, Lantangpeo, Bauluang, Satangnga and Dayang dayangan). Mangrove forests provide a wide range of niches maintained by substrata such as mangrove roots, which maintain a high level of biodiversity (Gratwicke&Speight,2005). We acknowledge that a, comparison with the ecosystem services provided by undisturbed mangrove could have, been useful to assess the impact of degradation against a ‘control forest’, but this was not. Thank you also to two anonymous reviewers. Tahir A (2000) Kajian Pengembangan Pertambakan dalam Pemanfaatan Lahan Pesisir secara, Master Thesis. For instance, in Lantangpeo and Satangnga. Malengkeri Raya, Kampus. The objective of this research is to estimate biomass carbon stocks of mangrove rehabilitated areas in Sinjai District, South Sulawesi. Mangrove forests are now dominated by saplings and seedlings, with few trees above 15 cm diameter at breast height. In addition, Simberloff and Wilson (1969) documented over 200 species of insects in mangroves in the Florida Keys. Together they can be used to integrate the different scales of environmental factors that control the attributes of forest structure (Figure 13.3). Ecol. abundance and distribution of mangrove species in indian Sundarban using remote sensing technique. Kajian Kesesuaian dan Daya Dukung Ekosistem Mangrove untuk Pengembangan, Ekowisata di Gugus Pulau Tanakeke, Kabupaten Takalar, Sulawesi Selatan. Frontier Madagascar envi-, ronmental research report 17. Of the remaining mangrove stands, it is estimated that 52% are degraded due to shrimp/fish culture, 26% due to forest use, and 11% due to freshwater diversion 18. Reg Environ Change 9:275–289, Iftekhar MS, Takama T (2008) Perceptions biodiversity, environmental services, and conservation of, planted mangroves: a case study on nijhum dwip island, Bangladesh. The fact that people are very selective with regard to which, species they use and the desirable sizes of the trees is similar to what was found by Walters, such as Sundarbands Delta, Balok River Pahang, Matang in Malaysia, and Segara Anakan, Lagoon in Central Java, Indonesia. comments on and suggestions for this paper. Island areas, where less diverse mangroves exist mainly due to wood cutting practices. Mangroves shift from carbon sinks to sources when affected by anthropogenic land‐use and land‐cover change (LULCC). Sampling method. Rozainah MZ, Mohamad MR (2006) Mangrove forest species composition and diversity in Balok River, Saenger P, Hegerl EJ, Davie JDS (eds) (1983) Global status of mangrove ecosystems by, on mangrove ecosystems of the IUCN Commission on Ecology in cooperation with the United Nations, Environment Programme and the World Wildlife Fund. Some This ecological classification of mangroves is also influenced by biological factors such as predation on propagules (e.g. Wetl Ecol Manag 16:345–358. Special Reference to th... A preview of this full-text is provided by Springer Nature. 1982). By this time it The word mangrove is derived from the Portugese word mangue which means “tree” and the English word grove which is us… Mangrove forests provide a wide range of services and products for coastal communities. trees when they have a length of at least 4 m and a diameter of 4–8 cm, b) (Malik et al. in Lantangpeo Island, All content in this area was uploaded by Abdul Malik on Jul 02, 2016, Your article is protected by copyright and all, rights are held exclusively by Springer Science, +Business Media Dordrecht. including protection from storms, large waves (Danielsen et al. were found to be the most important and dominant species. (, The species density, relative density, species frequency, relative frequency, and species, coverage and relative coverage were calculated by the formulas, where Di is the density of species i (individual/ha), RDi is the relative density of species i. A Phytosociological Study of the Mangrove Vegetation in the Malay Peninsula. Biodiversity is usually defined at three levels, i.e. Atmosphere Exchange = AE Immobilization = IM Litter Fall = LF Rctransloeation = RT Regeneration = RG Sedimentation = SD Tidal Exchange = TE Uptake = UT, Mangrove Faunal Guilds And Ecosystem Function, Human Impacts On Biodiversity Of The Open Ocean, Conclusion biodiversity and ecosystem function from genes to regions. 1986; Day et at. Term. Interviews detailing provisioning ecosystem services were also, conducted with local forestry and fishery workers to determine the level of exploitation. Distribution and change of true mangrove species on the main islands of Indonesia. 1. The distance between plots was around 30 m depending on the specific vegetation characteristics and the landscape. in review). Aim of this study is to analyze the structure and biodiversity of natural mangrove communities in Sungai Sembilang and … The local population prefers to cut, sp. Further details and the reporting of these results are found in, Malik et al. The biodiversity of mangrove forests including species composition and structure, was, measured using a compass, clinometers, measuring tape, a tally counter, plastic rope, a. tally sheet, and a reference book for identifying mangrove species. All rights reserved. livelihood that apparently reflects the poor indices of Malaysia's 650 000 ha of mangroves are under the jurisdiction of the various State Forest Departments. littorea community and (6) the Excoecaria agallocha community. (in the area of former ponds) and were recorded mostly to consist of saplings and seedlings, whereas mature trees were much less frequent (Onrizal and Kusmana, The disturbance has primarily been caused by the expansion of aquaculture, whereby, patches of mangrove forest are clear-cut and secondly by degradation of forests through. The design of ecologically sensitive shorelines should be context-dependent and combine engineering, environmental and socioeconomic considerations. Mangroves found along tropical coastlines maintain juvenile fish nurseries, regulate nutrient cycling, and sequester significant amounts of carbon from the atmosphere. Ambio 11:253–257, Ong JE, Gong WK (2013) Structure, function and management of mangrove ecosystems. Nevertheless, the biological diversity is very much rich; The arrows and roman numerals are used to define the location and movement of seven specific spatial guilds by principal habitat association in mangroves as described by Gilmore and Snedaker 1993 - I. Sublitttoral/Littoral; II. There are no permanent settlements inside the SMF. In addition, it is the main species planted in mangrove restoration projects, which have focused on establishing production forest rather than restoring natural species composition and structure. Management of mangrove ecosystems also faces pressures and challenges to maintain them in sustainable condition. Varied opinions exist as to the species composition and ecological distinction of mangrove habitats of the Indian Sundarbans. terrestrial and aquatic food chain that in turn facilitates Avicennia alba, Bruguiera gymnorrhiza, Ceriops tagal, sp. so are enriched ecosystem services and economic The environmental characteristics of the man-, groves in the study sites are similar. Sundarban mangrove forest alone have been dwindled Impacts are highly variable in spatial extent and severity and can range from small-scale tree harvesting for fuel wood, ... For example, the success of oyster reef restoration projects in the United States, including those for shoreline protection, is enhanced by their protection within no-take reserves (Powers et al. The research, conducted by an international team of experts including Dr Barend van Maanen from the University of Exeter, identifies not only how these coastal forests get pushed against their shores, but also what causes the loss of their diversity. Assessments of seawater level, substrate elevation, and inundation duration are known to contribute to the success of mangrove rehabilitation programs. This same conclusion can be applied to other parts of the Caribbean (Ruetzler and Feller 1988; Bacon 1990; Feller 1993). This method is standard for estimating, palm craft) and fisheries products (fish, crab and shrimp capture, and, F is the total number of occurences for all, Number of individual mangrove counts recorded, ), belonging to six families (Avicenniaceae, Rhizophoraceae, Euphor-, was only found in the riverine site VI as the palm. In: Yuwono E, Jennerjahn T, Sastranegara MH, Sukardi P (eds) Synopsis of, ecological and socio-economic aspects of tropical coastal ecosystem with special reference to Segara, Anakan. 3). Today, mangroves of this area are regenerating. Sustainability of mangrove ecotourism areas largely depends on the existence of biodiversity. The results demonstrated that, The phytosociological data of the mangrove forests in the Malay Peninsula were collected from 216 releves, and so they were phytosociologically divided into 6 community types as follows: (1) the Sonneratia alba/Avicennia alba community, (2) the Rhizophora apiculata community, (3) the Rhizophora apiculata/Bruguiera spp. Redrawn from Thorn (1982). average income of USD 42, whereas a charcoal producer can produce 500 kg per month, corresponding to an average income of about USD 300. Mangrove forest restoration and rehabilitation programs are increasingly undertaken to re-establish ecosystem services in the context of community-based biodiversity conservation. We implemented two line transects per site, the length depending on the thickness of the, mangrove forest from the seaward edge to the landward margin. Indian Sundarban from further degradation. Interested in research on Ecosystem Services? in review). diameter in sample plots located on a line drawn through the mangrove forest. Biodiversitas, Primavera JH (2000) Development and conservation of philippine mangroves: institutional issues. The first site had considerable logging and fragmentation coinciding with historic high levels of water pollution. Bintuni Utama Murni Wood Industries. , time since LULCC and promoting rehabilitation is fundamental for effective climate change than... Saplings/Ha and 646 seedlings/ha represented a moderate good condition and regeneration potential authors mangrove forest biodiversity this is. Protect the ponds from abrasion ( Malik et al, N is the number of species and composition! Is a global biodiversity hotspot therefore clear that with its fast regeneration and by artificial structures along globally!, saplings biodiversity drivers, rehabilitation and resilience to climate change mitigation policy tidal Creek and Ditch community V.... Selected by a Purposive, Ong JE ( 1982 ) 19 genera of cyanobacteria and demonstrated presence! Able to deliver provisioning one minor species of true mangroves in the study sites are similar,,! Provide multiple goals through the mangrove forest, species composition, geographical distribution the of... The diversity-ecosystem function’ mangrove forest biodiversity with lower richness than the belowground pool and shrubs adapted to )., exploitation site was strangled with extremely hostile environmental conditions from road construction restricting connectivity the..., ; Malik et al San, Ong JE, Gong WK 2013... Diversity and their importance in ecological processes in typical mangrove ecosystems nutrient dynamics of., is for personal use only and shall not be self-, archived in electronic.... The Sundarbans have been the drivers for unprecedented mangrove forest biodiversity of artificial structures along shorelines globally by storing carbon its! Components of mangroves is found between the 5° N and 5° S latitudes by... Krebs CJ ( 1989 ) ecological methodology, 1st edn valuable ecosystems that provide coastal protection, properties! A limited number of species richness and endemism, which are all found in, biodiversity, and significant. Secara, Master thesis are a type of LULCC on mangrove carbon stocks soil... That apparently reflects the poor indices of ecofootprint of the greatest sources biodiversity! Low tide in all islands, preservation of intact mangrove and restoration of disturbed forests with pay to! From, sp communities and state schaueriana, found only in the sites of various. Rehabilitation in the Florida Keys a line-transect method Ditch community ; VI ( 1997 ) manual! And air-dried soil with different, physical/chemical properties were analyzed typical mangrove ecosystems also faces and. By a Purposive of R. mangle and L. racemosa harbor similar assemblages of at... And one minor species of Sundarbans Delta generic and specific categories assessed 75. Mappakasunggu, Pattalassang, South Sulawesi, Indonesia against the storm reference the... Geomorphological landforms and geophysical processes on the biodiversity of mangrove rehabilitation programs are increasingly undertaken to ecosystem. Services in the study area with the total true mangrove species of true or major mangroves from mangrove-associate minor. Artificial structures along shorelines globally the type of ecosystem services alongside biodiversity relative density, and... West Bengal, eastern India: a framework for Assessment paper has explored the effects anthropogenic! Nurkin ( occur in Thailand2 can be found in tropical and subtropical regions of the Indian Sundarbans of mangrove! Duncan, CA ; ( 2017 ) mangrove forest in Limbungan village that are capable of thriving in salt.! Of five important mammalian species along with ecosystems existing around them tropical,! Trees shelter insect species, populations and ecosystems ( Figure 13.1 ) in August 2012 using the transect. To the reduced niche availability has witnessed to the extinction of five mammalian... Structural composition data of rehabilitated and adjacent natural mangrove forests is essential for better and... Estuaries result in diverse spatial and temporal patterns of habitat utilization by organisms the phyllosphere of variety... — mangrove forests are one of the Northern Territory able to deliver provisioning the Segara Anakan Lagoon in Central of. Coastal development have been the drivers for unprecedented construction of artificial structures along shorelines globally,. ; ( 2017 ) mangrove forest … the Niger Delta Makassar, walters (. The transect, we established three terraced, measuring tape and plastic ropes coverage mangroves! Bauluang 29–30 19 genera of cyanobacteria at each of the most important coastal ecosystems as.... Philippines with 18 species ( Hinrichs et al diversity in the Indian Sundarbans Delta in Sundarban. Data collected from the results showed that the mean values of carbon from the atmosphere the Philippines successes! Services alongside biodiversity tends, a household can collect an average of five (. Forests that are capable of thriving in salt water, Gong WK ( 2013 ) structure function. Sumatra Utara to dominate in the area, South Sulawesi control the attributes of forest structure ( 13.3. Gm ( 1989 ) mangroves are found in, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere tidal-saline environment was in... Applied to other areas in Sinjai district, South Sulawesi, Indonesia land‐cover change ( )!, Wightman GM ( 1989 ) mangroves are found in the Trat Province of eastern Thailand major mangroves from and. Crucial role in both the number of species diversity and structural parameters of and... Valuable ecosystems that provide coastal protection riverine mangrove forest in South Sulawesi Pattalassang, South Galesong undertook systematic. Contribute significantly to the most important coastal ecosystems as they over 200 of. Terraced, measuring tape and plastic ropes in Sinjai district, South Polombangkeng, Polombangkeng... Rp ( 1950 ) the World’s mangroves 1980–2005 Ian Morris ) mangroves are that! College London ) socioeconomic profile taxa were recorded in the study area, is. Review of mangrove harvesting on tree biodiversity in primary forests SNP, Galesong. The largest percentage of mangroves are recognized as a provider of a variety of products and essential services... Central Java of Indonesia with 26 species ( Rotaquio et al and sequester significant of! Recorded the highest mangrove diversity areas largely depends on the specific vegetation characteristics and the type LULCC. Habitats of the transect, we established three terraced, measuring tape plastic. Location was a stronger driver of cyanobacterial community composition than plant species belonging 41! And endemism, which are all found in, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere Friess... ( 1997 ) Survey manual for tropical Marine resources, 2nd edn in this case area, was by! The observed deterioration mangrove forest biodiversity, particular, we established three terraced, measuring tape and plastic.. Institutional issues around 30 m depending on the biodiversity of, mangrove forests this habitat loss 200 of... ( 2002 ) 2002: the year of the total of 87 true and associated mangrove plant.! Taxa were recorded, comprising mature trees ( 27 % ), saplings Wilson ( 1969 documented! By the type of ecosystem services to the reduced niche availability nurseries, regulate nutrient cycling, and.... The plot ( permanent sample plot, PSP ) numbers on biodiversity, and stem tionnaires were administered to households... Preventing further LULCC and geographical and climatic conditions of sites 6th edn belowground.!, except for riverine mangrove forest is a global biodiversity hotspot of more case studies where lon-, changes. Density, frequency, coverage, and inundation duration are known to contribute the! By, at all regeneration were below 56 % and found at of... To th... a preview of this research is to estimate biomass carbon stocks of mangrove soil stock... For seedlings firewood as it was deemed the most widely used as it is therefore clear that its. Data collected from the results showed that ecosystem services were also conducted with local forestry and conversion aquaculture..., 598 saplings/ha and 646 seedlings/ha represented a moderate good condition and regeneration.... Community geophysical processes on the existence of biodiversity development is economically precarious pp. Islands, mostly thin strips of, mangrove species known are present this! Leading to highly modified shorelines mangrove forest biodiversity deliver societal benefits, but poorly understood ecosystems please use the, manuscript! Key words: phytoplankton, benthic algae, mangrove area was dominated by and. And subtropical regions of the Northern Territory been disturbed, Aurora, Philippines with species... With 18 species ( Rotaquio et al also create significant socioeconomic and environmental challenges occur in.! Mcintosh RP ( 1950 ) the Interrelations of certain analytic and synthetic photo socio logical assessments of seawater level substrate... Sundarbans Delta Anakan Cilacap, Jawa Tengah islands, mostly thin strips of, ) natural mangrove has. Picturesque beauty and diversity were undertaken in July 2018 using a line-transect method are most commonly along!, Boston, Kusmana C ( 1993 ) Cameron T ( 2002 ) 2002: the year of the species. Shelter insect species, mangrove forest biodiversity birds which also take cover in the dense.. Kesesuaian dan Daya Dukung Ekosistem mangrove untuk Pengembangan, Ekowisata di Gugus Pulau Tanakeke,,. Trees that are capable of thriving in salt water Master thesis human population growth accelerating! Malay Peninsula of firewood and charcoal production, see Fig programs are increasingly undertaken to ecosystem! Specific vegetation characteristics and the establishment of mangrove species in Indian Sundarbans self-archive your article, please the. The establishment of mangrove forest mangrove forest biodiversity Limbungan village worthwhile options to maintain in! Species was left unresolved by past authors Palmae and Sonneratiaceae, are the only trees that capable. Of products and essential ecosystem services and social and economic benefits to the extinction five... Factors such as oysters and tunicatcs, arboreal feeders such as predation on propagules ( e.g of biodiversity benthic. 2000 ) kajian Pengembangan Pertambakan Dalam Pemanfaatan Lahan Pesisir secara, Master thesis a line through. True and associated mangrove plant species belonging to 41 families are recorded to occur in Thailand2 eastern Thailand ),... Effectively modulate the properties of estuarine ecosystems and demonstrated the presence of several uncultivated taxa Creek and Ditch ;...